Your child may not necessarily require a study permit to study in Canada if he or she is less than 17 years of age. There are however some important documents that will be needed for your child to study in Canada.
A child will require additional documents if he/she is less than the age of Seventeen (17) years and comes to Canada to study without a parent or legal guardian. The child must be cared for by a responsible custodian in Canada.
In some instances, a custodian may also be required for minor children between 17 years of age and the age of majority in the territory or province of the academic institution where they plan to study. This can be at the judgment of an immigration officer.
A child will need two notarized documents to study in Canada
- A notarized document is a legal document that has been certified by a notary.
- The first legal document has to be signed by the parents or legal guardians of the child in the child’s country of origin.
- The second legal document has to be signed by the custodian in Canada.
- Custodianship will need legal arrangements to be made to grant the custodian in Canada permission to act instead of a parent.
- An immigration officer must be sure that necessary arrangements have been made for the care of child traveling to Canada for study.
Length of time a study permit is valid
- For a child in grades 1 through 8, the study permit is usually valid for one year.
- For a child in grades 9 through 12, or attending a post-secondary institution, the study permit is usually valid for the period of time of studies, plus an additional 90 days.
- For a child attending a post-secondary institution, the study permit is usually valid for the length of time of studies, plus an additional 90 days.
- For a child studying in the province of Quebec, the study permit is valid for the same period of time as their CAQ. (In Quebec, minors traveling alone will require a Certificat d’acceptation du Québec (CAQ) to study.)
- If a child is with parents who have long-term work or study permits, the child’s study permit will be valid for the same period of time as:
- the parents’ permits;
There are exceptions studying without a study permit
In some cases, minor children may not require a study permit to study in Canada. These cases include:
- a child attending kindergarten;
- a child who is protected or refugee claimants, or whose parents are refugee claimants; and
- a child who is already in Canada with parents who are allowed to study or work in Canada, and who wish to attend kindergarten, primary or secondary school.
Having an Adult Birthday while in Canada
When a child minor studying in Canada without a permit get to the age of majority (turn 18 or 19 depending on the territories or province), they have to apply for a study permit if they want to continue studying.