Many people think that migrants are in their country to take their jobs away from them. But that may not be the case! Let’s take a look at what the actual facts about migration are. Migration is a buzzword not only in the US, but also across Europe and all other parts of the world as well. For a novice, it is becoming increasingly hard to differentiate between myths about migration and facts on the issue. Sadly, the myths in circulation are shaping people’s opinions and creating some form of dislike against migrants. Here are a few lesser-known facts about migration.
Lesser Known Facts About Immigration
1. There are fewer migrants than perceived
People in many advanced countries overestimate the number of immigrants in their country. In America, for instance, people assume that immigrants make up more than 35% of the entire population but in reality, they are only little above 15% of the total population.
This is usually common among those in the political parties and among people employed in low-skill jobs.
Most people also want to underestimate education received by immigrants and overestimate their dependence on government public schemes.
They believe migrants will impoverish their economy. For instance, many Italians perceived that 40% of the immigrants in Italy are unemployed while the true percentage of unemployed immigrants in Italy is only about 15%.
This misconception creates a sense of crisis and makes people unwilling to welcoming migrants into their country.
2. There is no uniform pattern of migration
While the figure for international migration seems to increasing, it is not increasing at a uniform pattern across countries.
For instance, the number of Indians leaving their country has more than doubled between 1990 and 2017, the number of British leaving their country has hardly increased by 1 million. In 1990, 6.7 million people migrated from Afghanistan but in 2017, this number has plummeted to 4.8 million.
Similarly, there is no one country which attracts all migrants. For instance, the Indian diaspora was the largest in the world In 2017. Mexico was placed second and Russia was third.
Not all immigrants head to the most developed countries. Instead, they are more likely to migrate to the developing countries near their home country. For instance, over 60 million Asian migrants migrated to other places within Asia in 2017. 41 million people migrated from their country to another within Europe in 2017.
3. Other factors are responsible for driving migration
A strong economy and better job opportunities are a common explanation for migration. But they aren’t the only factors.
Records shows that In the 1990s a most Mexicans who moved to America came there illegally seeking for low skilled jobs. However today, Mexicans still move to America but the demographics have changed.
Most Mexican leaving for the US are older and migrate to the US legally with offers of good jobs. One of the reasons for this is the improved state of the Mexican economy.
4. Global Warming is Affecting Migration
Apart from population growth and healthy economy, global warming is also another reason for people’s choices about where they would like to settle down. This has increased the migration from rural areas to urban settings within the same country.
As the temperatures increases agriculture becomes much difficult forcing farmers to look for other sources of income in the form of jobs in cities nearby.